By Fan Xianfeng
Great journey of comprehensively deepening reform has begun in China. Shanghai is currently in the critical period of innovation driven development and economic transformation and upgrading.
Jing'an is an old district of Shanghai, and is also the district wiith the highest economic density nationwide and the central urban area where you can feel the city pulsation most. It is already in the critical period when advance is impossible without reform and innovation.
In such a new situation, how to play the role of CPPCC as the important channel of consultative democracy to timely and effectively reflect the masses’ appeals, and to offer good advice and suggestions to the work of the government?
Since the start of this year's CPPCC Jing'an District Committee, leaders pay more attention to the inheritance and innovation and open up a series of new paths of serving the people as follows: more suggestions switch to the stage of beforehand planning from that of post discussion; more negotiation issues show the livelihood of the people and reflect hot spots of society; with more CPPCC members going into the community, committee workshops are set up in the sub-district level and consultation platform becomes more multi-layered.
Ranging from focusing on urban renewal to caring for buildings’ secondary development; from suggesting comprehensive utilization of old industrial factory building resources to advising transformation of hospitals for the elderly and old urban areas —with a positive attitude, Jing’an CPPCC is exploring the way and route to carry out consultative democracy at the grass-roots level under the new situation, creating a new atmosphere of deliberative democracy to form a new normalcy of deliberative democracy and make a new contribution to the reform and development of Jing 'an district.
More beforehand consultation and planning instead of post commenting and discussion
On the afternoon of December 16th, Sun Ping, Standing Member of the CPC Jing’an District Committee and Deputy District Governor led district government officials to carry out consultations for Jing’an District’s practical projects in 2015 in CPPCC Jing'an District Committee and sought for opinions and suggestions from members of the Jing’an CPPCC—it was the first in the history of CPPCC.
After Office Director of the District Government Dong Haiming introduced the early-stage preparation situation of the district practical projects in 2015, an member of the Jing’an CPPCC Lei Mei said:” it is completely in conformity with the intrinsic requirements of the project. ” And she also said:” it can highlight timely help with wider benefits.”
Then she switched the conversation and put forward several tips in succession:”there are more than 20 subitems in the Category 2-building repair, among which, issues such as renovation of public houses under the direct management of Housing Management Bureau and other buildings involve multi-year budgeting. For these issues, the government need to provide a three-year rolling budget to conduct overall planning with priority to the project to ensure continuity and integrity of the project.”
In addition, she also put forward the question of cross projects: "all projects in practical engineering are listed separately, so it is recommended that all departments should plan and conduct construction as a whole for cross projects."
During the conference, 11 members of the Jing’an CPPCC expressed theor own opinions and suggestions for the establishment, promotion and perfection of practical projects from different perspectives.
As for those, Sun Ping said:”it is a good practice to conduct face-to-face communication and negotiation with members of the Jing’an CPPCC about next year’s practical projects; it is not only in conformity with and also beyond our original expectations and idea. "
Many CPPCC members said: "This practice reflects the truth meaning of true, kind and sensible consultation, consultation and plays an important role in promoting the scientific and democratic decision of the Party committee and government."
It is known that there are many similar cases. The Jing’an CPPCC persists in focusing on the central issues and serving the overall interests, actively plays the role of "talent pool and think tank", gives full play to the professional advantages and sector advantages of CPPCC members, highlights the hot and difficult issues in regional development, actively consults about politics and provides recommendations, puts forward strategic thinking of regional development, partcipates in the collision of ideas of overcoming difficulties, makes efforts to build the CPPCC into a debate platform of viewpoints and an assembly of opinions and wisdom to make contributions to the decision of the District Party Committee and the District Government.
The Jing’an CPPCC should not only advocate more beforehand consultation and planning instead of post commenting and discussion, but also carry out multilayer and broader consultation. —The Jing’an CPPCC should not only link with government sectors in the earlier stage of project process, but also maintain communication and consultation during future operation and accept the request to check upon finishing, to form a whole-journey status of consultative democracy.
Negotiation issue setting further highlights people's livelihood
How does a strong message or call from society quickly enter into the think tank of the Jing’an CPPCC and then into the horizon of decision makers?
We can learn something from the transformation of Jing’an’s hospitals for the elderly.
The metropolis like Shanghai is confronted with a major problem---“aging”, especially in the central district such as Jing’an District. According to the estimates, the demand for the inpatient rehabilitation of the whole community is about 18,225 people every year. Taking 27 inpatient days on average as the calculating standard, 675 beds are needed, however, there is a considerable gap between it with the actual 200 beds opened. Jing’an District has various hospitals at all levels, but it does not has independent specialized rehabilitation hospitals. Generally speaking, there are several problems, such as short supply of the rehabilitation resources, unreasonable structure, and the scarcity of professional personnel.
This problem has aroused the attention of members of the Jing’an CPPCC including Chen Junfeng. After careful investigation, Chen put forward a proposal –
"The pattern of modern medical science is the trinity of 'prevention, treatment and rehabilitation’. Rehabilitation therapy plays an important role in improving patients' life quality. Studies have shown that for the survived patients with cerebral apoplexy, positive and effective rehabilitation therapy can make 90% of them be able to walk again and take care of themselves, and a third of the patients without rehabilitation therapy will lose the chance."
The proposal from a member of the Jing’an CPPCC triggers an issue involving the people's vital interests - Immediately the Jing’an CPPCC organized a special research and led to a large-scale subject consultation with the participation of representatives from all walks of the society.
"I think it is very good to build rehabilitation hospitals!"Said Su Jijie, a member of the Jing’an CPPCC and General Manager of Shanghai Heal-all Consulting Inc. According to him, his company support four elderly persons of no family, but unfortunately, two old men died under 60 without timely rehabilitation treatment of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular problems. “I couldn't agree more to the transformation of elderly hospitals into rehabilitation hospitals.”
“Whether to conduct transformation or not is an issue of health resource allocation in essence.” Said Zhu Yueguang, a member of the Jing’an CPPCC and Director of Shanghai Joint-Win Law Firm,” as an international metropolis, Shanghai should establish a multi-level medical service system and satisfy the market demand of different levels.”
Other members of the Jing’an CPPCC from different sectors also put forward many suggestions.
Zhu Yue, a member of the Jing’an CPPCC and Deputy Party Chief of Huadong Hospital, said:” Geriatric medicine is not a single domain, but a comprehensive discipline. It must be scientifically orientated. we should not only have the strength of the integrated disciplines, but also pay attention to the features of the elderly.” He also suggested innovating medical models and reinforcing layered, grading and orderly treatment.
Yu Heping, a member of the Jing’an CPPCC and Deputy Director of Internal Medicine Department of Shanghai Jingan District Central Hospital, cared about the issue of “talents” in rehabilitation hospitals:”Talent training must not be left behind. There must be 6 rehabilitation sub-specialities and at least 6 discipline leaders in a rehabilitation hospital. Certain financial support must be in place for talent cultivation.”
At the same time, leaders from social work offices for the elderly and cadres of neighborhood committees put forward a number of suggestions from the perspective of their own - it is just in the platform of consultative democracy that the consensus of elderly hospitals transformation be ready to come out. This consultation was brought into the government's decision-making process.
From this case, we can see that eagerness of Jing’an people is the very key to the consultation issues raised by the Jing’an CPPCC.
Not only this one. In recent years, from the renovation and demolition of old buildings to the comprehensive utilization of old factories, the Jing’an CPPCC has constantly focused on hot issues to solve practical problems of people's livelihood.
Han Qiang, Chairman of the CPPCC Jing’an Committee, said that it was an important work for the Jing’an CPPCC to negotiate in the form of thematic consultations before making a decision on major issues of regional development and improving people's livelihood. Our consultation aimed to be multiple, so that the views of all aspects can be fully released in order to find the greatest common divisor and make decision-making more scientific and operational.
Members of the Jing’an CPPCC walk into the community and consultation platform becomes more multi-layered.
Although many people think Members of the Jing’an CPPCC are in high-end atmospheric grade, yet in fact they are also very easy to get along with.
In recent years, Community Liaison Group was set up by the Jing’an CPPCC to actively promote the work of the CPPCC extending to the communities and grassroots. This innovation has been widely welcomed by the CPPCC members and the community residents.
The establishment of the Community Liaison Group by District CPPCC built a new carrier for the development of consultative democracy in the community and greatly improved the effectiveness of the work of the CPPCC.
"CPPCC Member Community Communication Day" was specially set up on Caojiadu Sub-district to let the members first get informed and then better perform their duties; "CPPCC Member and WeChat and Micro-blog" were also opened to make use of new media to expand the radiation scope and facilitate the condition and means of consultation.
The Shimen No. 2 Road Sub-district plays a positive role of the members and promotes harmonious community construction in the forms of " CPPCC Members Petition Reception Day", " CPPCC Members Dialogue", "CPPCC Members VS the Neighborhood Committee" and others.
Some committee members in the community speed up the pension institution construction, establish nursing center with staff and support, promote community pension service to be socialized, carry out community - based housing support and rehabilitation services and such multiple angles to submit proposals and public opinion information after they know situation of Jing’an, which not only caught the attention of the chairman meeting of the Jing’an CPPCC, but also promoted the implementation of the pension business as annual most important work, attached great importance to the district government and made substantial progress in pension business.
The Community Liaison Group combined carrying out liaison activities with promoting the grassroots autonomy, extending the CPPCC deliberative democracy into the community.
Each community (sub-district) will invite the CPPCC members to join in the first time and take the initiative to solicit opinions and suggestions in the formulation of the annual work plan, arrangement of important projects and focus on promoting the work. When CPPCC members and community committees cooperate, the deliberative democracy is extended to "three meetings" including consultation meeting, hearing meeting and review meeting of neighborhood committee in order to strengthen grassroots’ consciousness of deliberative democracy.
CPPCC members also participate in the "Concentric Home Autonomy Committee", "Huashan Family Room," "Old Master Advisory Group" and other community autonomy organizations, making the consultation closer to the actual needs of the community and the people.
In the process of the tenth neighborhood committee election of Jing’an District, a total of more than 30 CPPCC members either attended the meeting of formal candidates and voters meeting each other or observed the neighborhood committee election process, playing the role of the third party with credibility during the election.
"Let’s 'go deeper' to understand the society and public opinions, to listen to the grassroots’ 'dialects'. Meanwhile, allow us to ‘float’ in the Chinese people's Political Consultative Conference platform to provide suggestions and say ‘jargon’ when performing our duties.” Many CPPCC members claim that the series of work make them both "easy to get along with" and "confident" while performing their duties and greatly improved the effectiveness of performing their duties.