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C2鈥?Jing鈥檃n                                                                                                 Tuesday 27 March 2018鈥?Shanghai Daily

 Li Qian                              makes lifestyle easier, safer                                                                           they wake up in the night.
                                                                                                                                                 鈥淲e have heard cases where
Smart cities promise a bet-           be covered with 21,000 digital     the situation escalated to fire.鈥?    鈥淣ow, we put sensors every
         ter lifestyle, but how does  sensors. By the end of Septem-        He added, 鈥淎ctually, there are  six floors so we can detect of-   the elderly have refused their
         this vision of the future    ber, 500,000 sensors are to be                                        fenders ,鈥?he said.               children鈥檚 suggestions that they
         actually work in daily       installed, covering 14 commu-      so many problems, like people                                        install monitoring cameras at
 life? The Linfen Road Commu-         nities and towns in Jing鈥檃n.       living on high floors throwing        The community has more         home because they don鈥檛 like
 nity may have one answer.                                               trash off their balconies, driv-   than 100 people 80 years and      the idea of being watched 24
                                         So far this year, 323 sensors   ers parking cars in banned         older who live alone.             hours,鈥?said Yu. 鈥淏ut our sen-
    The community is installing       have been installed in the Lin-    areas and elderly people who                                         sors just detect their conditions
 鈥渄igital sensors鈥?everyone in a      fen Road Community. Officials      live alone and suffer medical         Three sensors have been        instead of capturing what they
 prototype project. Among them:       said they have received more       problems.鈥?                        installed in their complex, in-   are doing. So, they have wel-
 sensors in restaurant kitchens       than 600 useful alerts from the                                       cluding one at a gate to ensure
 for smoke detection, sensors         sensors, including 16 potential    Elderly care                       that they are back home safely.     comed them.鈥? in sewers to monitor manhole         accidents that were nipped on                                                                                    Zheng Weijing, director
 cover theft, and sensors in the      the bud, according to Yu Lin-         Yu cited himself as one            One infrared sensor is in-
 beds of the elderly to track their   wei, chief of the Party鈥檚 Working  example.                           stalled in the living room of            of the neighborhood in
 vital signs.                         Committee in the community.                                           each of the elderly to detect           Lane 380 of Linfen Road,
                                                                            Once, someone living up-        movement. All other informa-        said the elderly aren鈥檛 charged
    The sensors automatically up-        鈥淢any small retailers and       stairs to him didn鈥檛 properly      tion about them is automatically  for the sensors.
 load information to a big data       restaurants don鈥檛 use electric-    extinguish the butt of a cigar     deleted.                             鈥淭hey just have to live their
 analytics platform. Alerts are       ity properly,鈥?he said. 鈥淪everal   before throwing it outside. It                                        lives the way they are accus-
 triggered if the data clash          times, smoke sensors have alert-   dropped on a quilt being dried        A third sensor is installed       tomed,鈥?he said. 鈥淚f they
 with pre-set parameters.             ed us to potential risks, and we   on Yu鈥檚 balcony. Fortunately, he   under their beds to monitor           take ill, we will automati-
                                      were able to intervene before      was at home at the time, so he     vital signs such as blood pres-
    It鈥檚 all part of what is                                             extinguished it immediately.       sure and heart beat. The sensors           cally be alerted and send
 commonly called the                                                                                        also record how many times                     someone to check on
 Internet of Things,                                                                                                                                          them.鈥? the backbone of                                                                                                                                                   Senior citizens
 smart cities.                                                                                                                                                    suffering from
                                                                                                                                                                    dementia are
    It means that                                                                                                                                                     equipped with
 everything                                                                                                                                                           Bluetooth
 about our lives                                                                                                                                                      bracelets that
 will be connect-                                                                                                                                                     connect with
 ed to improve                                                                                                                                                        community
 infrastructure,                                                                                                                                                     sensors to alert
 public utilities and services. It
 promises optimum efficiency                                                                                                                  officials if they get lost.
 and convenience.                                                                                                                                鈥淚t achieves 24-hour monitor-

    Shanghai has been one of the                                                                                                              ing,鈥?said Zhou Jun, director of
 pioneers in the global trend to-                                                                                                             Jing鈥檃n鈥檚 science and technology
 ward smart cities, and Jing鈥檃n                                                                                                               authority. 鈥淎lso, it eliminates
 has been designated to spear-                                                                                                                barriers that restrict informa-
 head the effort in Shanghai                                                                                                                  tion to one department. Now the
 because it鈥檚 home to the Shang-                                                                                                              data is shared.鈥? hai Data Exchange, China鈥檚
 leading big data center.                                                                                                                        The big data realm does worry
                                                                                                                                              people who fear that personal
    According to Tang Qifeng,                                                                                                                 information may be leaked.
 chief executive of the exchange,
 a sensor network of data collec-                                                                                                                鈥淲e have a system to safe-
 tion is part of a four-tier system                                                                                                           guard sensitive information,鈥? aimed at creating a smart city.                                                                                                              said Tang.
 The second tier involves trans-
 mission networks, and the third                                                                                                                 Still, his team is calling for
 addresses big data processing.                                                                                                               comprehensive regulation 鈥?at
 The fourth will apply artificial                                                                                                             the city and even national level
 intelligence to city operations.                                                                                                             鈥?to ensure that personal infor-
                                                                                                                                              mation is kept private.
    By the end of this month, the
 Linfen Road Community will                                                                                                                      As part of that effort, his team
                                                                                                                                              has been collecting and study-
                                                                                                                                              ing related rules adopted in
                                                                                                                                              Europe and the US since 1990.

    Sensors in sewers                      Bluetooth sensors                       Monitoring centers                   Sensors on the ground

Sensors are installed in sewers to    Community Bluetooth sensors assist       Monitoring centers are being set up      Ground sensors will trigger alerts
monitor manhole-cover thefts and       residents. Senior citizens suffering      in communities, allowing neigh-     when cars are parked in banned areas
water levels to avoid overflows that                                             borhood officials to collect data,
                                      from dementia will be given bracelets                                               or are blocking fire passages.
   cause flooding on rainy days.       that connect with sensors and can       receive alerts and dispatch help to
                                            alert officials if they get lost.            deal with problems.                           All photos by Jiang Xiaowei
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