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B2鈥?Jing鈥檃n                                                                                                                   Tuesday 25 July 2017鈥?Shanghai Daily

Smart cities use digital data to improve lifestyles

From B1                                                                                                                                  statistics on river quality

   鈥淲e are much faster than                                                                                                              compiled by water authori-
Western counterparts,鈥?he
said. 鈥淲e can build a network                                                                                                            ties and to data stored by
based on fifth generation
technology.鈥?                                                                                                                            meteorologists about weather

   Currently, China is testing                                                                                                           conditions.
5G networks, which are up to
50 times faster than the fourth                                                                                                          鈥淲e really need a system of
generation. The trials are
centered in five major cities,                                                                                                           open data,鈥?said Xu Lijia, big
including Shanghai.
                                                                                                                                         data director of the Asia-
   Large-scale trials will
start from 2018. Chinese is                                                                                                              Pacific region for Amazon
expected to commercially
implement 5G services in                                                                                                                 Web Services. 鈥淎mazon data
2020, and 5G connections are
forecast to reach 428 million                                                                                                            is open to download free by
users by 2025, accounting for
39 percent of the world鈥檚 total                                                                                                          everyone, anytime, anywhere.
connections, according to a
report by the industry鈥檚 GSM                                                                                                             The data include satellite,
Association. That will make
China the world鈥檚 biggest 5G                                                                                                             radar and meteorological
                                                                                                                                         information. We hope that
   Shanghai Party Secretary
Han Zheng once said, 鈥淏ig data                                                                                                           Jing鈥檃n will become a model of
are valuable only after being
processed.鈥?That鈥檚 true, said                                                                                                            open access to data.鈥?Tang. The third tier of the
city鈥檚 plan addresses big data                                                                                                           What is still lacking in the
processing, followed by the
fourth tier: applying artificial                                                                                                         big data realm, some experts
intelligence to how the city
operates.                                                                                                                                note, is a system of safeguards

   Data collected from dust                                                                                                              for personal privacy.
sensors on work sites across
the city have helped pinpoint                                                                                                            鈥淲e lack specific laws to
poor construction practices. In
Jing鈥檃n, the incidence of dust-                                                                                                          protect personal information,
choked sites was better than in
other areas of the city. Why?                                                                                                            even though most laws and

   鈥淲e finally discovered                                                                                                                regulation mention safe-
that Jing鈥檃n waters down its
streets more often than other                                                                                                            guards,鈥?Tang said. 鈥淭he irony
districts, and that reduces
construction dust,鈥?Tang said.                                                                                                           is that these laws and regula-
鈥淪o, it wasn鈥檛 about construc-
tion practices improving.鈥?       Government and industry officials meet to discuss 鈥渟mart cities鈥?at the Shanghai Jing鈥檃n               tions are often contradictory
                                  International Big Data Forum 2017.                                                                     on the subject.鈥?   Indeed, meteorological data
confirmed that finding. On                                                                                                                  For example, he pointed
rainy days, the dust problem
was lessened.                                                                                                                            out, regulations to protect

   鈥淪o why haven鈥檛 districts      followed suit?鈥?Tang asked         using big data analytics to       suggest alternative routes for    consumer privacy state that
                                  rhetorically. 鈥淚t鈥檚 because every  monitor offenses and help         motorists.                        information on customers
                                  official thinks differently. But   relieve congestion. It has been
                                  we can store the right decision    dubbed the 鈥淛ing鈥檃n model.鈥?      To make big data programs can鈥檛 be shared.
                                  in everyone鈥檚 policymaking                                                                                鈥淚t鈥檚 ridiculous!鈥?Tan said.
                                  and that will help us achieve         鈥淲e developed different        successful requires the           鈥淚t technically means that an
                                  good city management.鈥?            statistical models, each being    cooperation of all municipal      online shop owner can鈥檛 tell
                                                                     able to recognize offenses like   departments. That hasn鈥檛
                                     So, what does the Internet      driving in the wrong direction,                                     an express delivery service
                                  of Things and smarter gov-         parking illegally or mak-         always been forthcoming.
                                  ernment management mean            ing phone calls while at the                                        a buyer鈥檚 name, address and
                                  for urban dwellers? Well,          wheel,鈥?Tang said.                   鈥淪ome government depart-       phone number. We do want to
                                  for starters, they will affect                                       ments don鈥檛 want to share         protect personal information,
                                  six areas: community life,            The district also has in-      their data because data are not
                                  digital services, transportation   stalled smart cameras using                                         but it鈥檚 really hard to do.鈥?                                  systems, healthcare, environ-      the models at main intersec-      only valuable resources but
                                  mental issues, and drug and        tions. Any infringement of                                             Tang鈥檚 team is calling for
                                  food safety.                       traffic laws triggers a camera    also represent great power,鈥?     comprehensive regulations,
                                                                     that takes photos and a           said He Baohong, an expert        perhaps started first at the
                                     The city has already done       short video to capture the        from the China Academy of         city level and then adopted
                                  an exemplary job of applying       misdemeanor.                      Information and Communica-
                                  big data to transportation                                                                             eventually on a national level.
                                  systems. Passengers can now           The technology will be ap-     tions Technology.                 As part of that effort, his team
                                  check bus schedules on an          plied at 50 intersections by the     Another major problem,         is collecting, studying and
                                  app instead of waiting under       end of this year, said Li Jian,                                     translating every related rules
                                  scorching sun or driving rain      senior traffic official of the    according to Tang, is that
                                  for a bus to arrive, and GPS       district.                         overlapping information is
                                  can guide drivers to the avail-                                      often scattered across differ- adopted in Europe and the US
                                  able parking spots and tell           Jing鈥檃n traffic officials are  ent government departments. since 1990.
                                  them what parking fees they        also working with Amap,
                                  will have to pay.                  China鈥檚 largest map service       He calls it 鈥渋solated islands of
                                                                     provider, to produce real-time
                                     Jing鈥檃n traffic police are      data analysis of traffic flows    data.鈥?                                                                     in order to spot gridlock and
                                                                                                       For example, to study the

                                                                                                       causes and solutions for water

                                                                                                       pollution, the city鈥檚


                                                                                                       Bureau needs

                                                                                                       access to                    5G

                                                                                                                         Chinese is expected to com-
                                                                                                                      mercially implement 5G services

                                                                                                                         in 2020, and 5G connections
                                                                                                                       are forecast to reach 428 million
                                                                                                                      users by 2025, accounting for 39
                                                                                                                       percent of the world鈥檚 total con-
                                                                                                                      nections, according to a report by
                                                                                                                       the industry鈥檚 GSM Association.

                                                                                                                                         Visitors are attracted
                                                                                                                                         by a map showing the
                                                                                                                                         fine details of any city
                                                                                                                                         location. It鈥檚 part of
                                                                                                                                         displays at a city event
                                                                                                                                         on big data and smart
                                                                                                                                         cities. 鈥?Jiang Xiaowei
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