(Text by Reporter Huang Jingjing) “Excuse me, sir. These wastes shouldn’t be mixed. The paper pill boxes should be thrown into the waste paper basket, and the leftovers should be thrown into the wet waste bin. Thank you for your cooperation!” In front of the new intelligent waste house in Hanzhong Community, West Tianmu Road Sub-district, a volunteer was helping the residents coming for throwing away the wastes “sort the wastes properly”. Surrounded by green plants, the “good-looking” waste house with a QR code that can be scanned with mobile phones is the first waste house coordinating the two networks and integrating both dry and wet wastes in Shanghai.
The reporter learned that by the beginning of this July, West Tianmu Road Sub-district had realized full coverage of waste sorting work in 26 communities, reconstructed 29 waste houses, built 2 resource recycling spots integrating the two networks and 1 transfer station for the resources of the two networks, handing in a satisfying transcript in building a demonstration sub-district or town for waste sorting in Shanghai and responding to environmental protection inspection to enhance the green concept.
The First Waste House Coordinating the Two Networks in Shanghai
A few days ago, a brand new “big fellow” appeared in Hanzhong Community, making the passing residents stop and “take a close look at”—it was once a smelly waste house making people hold their noses and frown.
It is learned that the whole waste house has been redesigned and upgraded to the “Green Environmental Protection Space, West Tianmu Road Intelligent Station”. Apart from the roof covered with green plants and the walls covered with ceramic tiles, the waste house also has a kitchen sink allowing people to wash their hands with hot water and 7 waste openings with bright colors. “Compared with the bin without waste sorting function and the waste house sorting dry and wet wastes separately in the early years, it is arguably the version 3.0 of Waste House”, Jiang Ziyue, Secretary of the CPC General Branch of Huakang Residential Area introduced.
The reporter has found out that based on the four major categories of wastes, namely dry wastes, wet wastes, hazardous wastes and recyclable wastes, the waste house further refines the recyclable wastes into multiple categories including glass, plastic/aluminum cans, waste paper and textiles, making the waste house a recycling station integrating the two networks for renewable resources. In addition, its functions have also become more intelligent. The waste house combines multiple functions including identity recognition, information screen, port scanning, monitoring and photographing, and mobile network. Residents can link their phones to a scorecard of green account to throw the trash by scanning a QR code. The waste house also has the function of sounding the alarm when the bin is full, to remind the back end to clear the bin timely.
The improvements in hardware encourage community residents to engage in waste sorting more actively. A resident said that in the past, since everyone thought that wastes were dirty and smelly, they simply threw wastes in trash bags to the waste house from a far distance. After remodeling, the fact that residents can wash their hands after throwing the wastes made them much more willing to engage in waste sorting.
White-Collar Volunteers Publicize Waste Sorting Voluntarily
In the area under the jurisdiction of West Tianmu Road Sub-district, there are a total of 57 buildings, 7 markets, 3 parks, 3,972 enterprises, and over 50,000 workers. The waste sorting work is a focus and a difficulty both for residential communities and business enterprises. When conducting surveys and visits, the sub-district learned that white collars were totally behind the waste sorting work, but they didn’t know much about it. For example, they were not sure about whether the foods and bones they remained after meals were wet wastes, whether disposable chopsticks were dry wastes, and whether transparent rice noodle boxes should be regarded as recyclable wastes.
The sub-district took the opportunity provided by the household waste collection-and-transportation service contract signature with buildings and catering units to conduct the waste sorting into buildings publicity event, and gave play to the volunteer function of the white collars and CPC members in buildings, to launch the “One-hour Action for Being Waste Sorting Pioneers” Project, which was firstly launched in Kerry Enterprise Centre, Jidian Building, Zhouji Building and Huanzhi Building in June, and then gradually promoted and reproduced in other buildings. The staff of West Tianmu Road Office of Afforestation and City Appearance and building volunteers used one hour at noon to publicize waste sorting to property companies and tenants of buildings in office areas, and instructed them to sort wastes on site.
This April, the sub-district put effort into institutional and mechanical innovations, piloted quantity-based charge to household wastes by the West Tianmu Road Office of Afforestation and City Appearance, using economic settlement to strengthen the promotion of waste sorting work in buildings and catering units.
In Kerry Enterprise Centre, there are 294 restaurants producing substantial kitchen wastes every day. Earlier this year, Kerry Enterprise Centre invested to introduce the modernized biochemical wet waste treatment equipment. A waste house has been specially set in B1. The kitchen wastes are all collected in buckets before being sorted by workers. Then the kitchen wastes will be dumped into the kitchen waste source-reducing treatment equipment. Fungi will be added into the equipment, and the wastes will become pollution-free liquid and be discharged into sewers after fermenting under a temperature as high as 300℃ for 4 to 5 days. According to Mr. Mao, the person in charge of the Department of Administration, after the installation of the equipment, a total of 300 kilograms of kitchen wastes can be treated every day, reducing wet wastes at source, and achieving great effects.
“1+8” Coordinated Law Enforcement Forms Concerted Force
Wang Qiuping, Head of the West Tianmu Road Office of City Appearance, has told the reporter that with the mechanism security of the “1+8 Comprehensive Management”, the waste sorting work of the sub-district is proceeding methodically.
“1” refers to the sub-district, and “8” refers to the 8 functional departments and units under the jurisdiction of the sub-district, namely the Police Station, the Department of City Management, the Department of Traffic Police, the Bureau of Market Regulation, the Office of Housing Administration, the Office of Afforestation and City Appearance, the Sanitation Operation Company and the Health Service Center. The “1+8 Comprehensive Management” is generally the action of the sub-district to lead the functional departments under its jurisdiction to conduct comprehensive management to service, rectification, law enforcement, education and publicity.
Wang Qiuping has given us an example that some of the businesses are not interested in waste sorting and refuse to implement it. In this case, depending solely on the Office of Afforestation and City Appearance may not be enough to resolve the problem. However, West Tianmu Sub-district has the “1+8” law enforcement combining different works and functions of multiple departments. For the businesses refusing to implement waste sorting, the Office of Afforestation and City Appearance will communicate waste sorting policies with them, and the Department of City Management will give them a rectification notice on the spot. If the businesses haven’t corrected their behavior when relevant departments come again for checking, they will be punished. The Office of Market Supervision will also check whether the businesses have signed the kitchen waste clearing contract. If not, the food safety license will not be presented to them. For the businesses with bad attitude, such joint law enforcement is a powerful deterrent.
The sub-district has indicated that next, it will enhance the awareness rate, engagement rate and perception degree of waste sorting among residents and white collars through publicity methods including the “100% Coverage of Publicity” by neighborhood committees or building officials, and regular guidance and supervision at the designated sites in buildings, to encourage more people to actively engage in waste sorting.