■ Text by Reporter Shi Danni
Mr. Liu, who lives in Jingyuan residential area of Jiangning Road Sub-district, found a lot of old newspapers, clothes and discarded bottles during the New Year cleaning. How to sort and settle the waste? He opened the sub-district official account "Green Jiangning of Jing'an", followed the directions and sorted the waste; and then he found the "waste sorting and recycling function" through Alipay and clicked. After that, he just needed to wait for the staff to visit and collect the waste. Now, the knowledge of waste sorting has been fully spread in the Jiangning Road Sub-district. The popularization of waste sorting "into communities, schools, government agencies, buildings, business circles and factories" has become the most fashionable attitude of residents towards life.
The new pattern for community waste sorting of "four-circle collaboration" explored by Jiangning Road Sub-district, namely "green intelligent life circle", "clean and orderly business circle", "recycling office circle" and "low-carbon and environmentally-friendly ecological circle", has realized full coverage in residential areas, commercial stores, official buildings and other scenes. Jiangning Road Sub-district has also become one of the first batch of 18 sub-districts and towns in Shanghai meeting the standards of creating waste sorting demonstrations.
Creating a new highlight of "Internet +" renewable resource recovery-domestic waste sorting integration system
Building an "intrusive-mood" publicity environment
In August 2018, Jiangning Road Sub-district has joined hands with a third-party organization to cooperate with Alipay on the green account, and explore the "Internet +" pattern of waste sorting on a pilot basis. Residents in the area can choose the types of articles that need to be collected through the "waste sorting and recycling" function of Alipay without leaving home, like the "take-out service", and wait for the staff to come to collect the waste. It will be counted directly in the form of incentive payments into the Alipay account.
The responsible person of the sub-district said that the key of waste sorting work is to strengthen publicity and education. Through creating a strong atmosphere and changing the traditional ideas, residents can realize that waste sorting is directly related to their living environment and that of future generations, making waste sorting a conscious action of people. The sub-district has produced easy-to-understand and popular public service advertising, comics and animation and other publicity materials for different age groups, and also launched a WeChat official account "Green Jiangning of Jing'an" for waste sorting. Thus, the concept of waste sorting can be spread in every corner of the community by publicizing knowledge about waste sorting in the form of new media.
Realizing reclamation of waste sorting
Exploring waste sorting and co-management system by using "closed loop"
In the process of promotion, Jiangning Road Sub-district, on the one hand, has paid close attention to building "demonstration sites" in different circles such as life circle, commercial circle and office circle to drive and influence other subjects in the circle, thus creating a low-carbon and environmentally-friendly "waste sorting ecological circle" with Jiangning characteristics.
On the other hand, it has actively carried out the pilot project of waste "reduction and reclamation" in view of large number of catering enterprises and large output of kitchen waste, and introduced modern biochemical treatment equipment for wet waste to explore the innovative path of turning waste into wealth. At present, 600 kilograms of kitchen waste can be disposed in the New Factories a day, truly realizing the reduction and reclamation of wet waste from the source. The "product" generated by recycling wet waste has become a fashionable "gift". The treated waste residue can be used for the cultivation of green potting and is well-received by white-collar workers and residents. In the New Factories, the waste reduction reaches more than 90% by 5 hours of fermentation disposal after sorting; and the residual oil after oil-water separation and the final residue are used as industrial washing oil and farmland waste respectively. As a result, the reduction and reclamation of wet waste are truly realized from the source. And the New Factories was rated as the "Waste Sorting Demonstration Site in Jing'an Jiangning Road Sub-district".
Mary Kay Company has always promoted waste sorting based on the concept of product manufacturing and marketing, creating a good atmosphere and making waste sorting a "habit" of employees. Under the guidance of the sub-district, enterprises in Mary Kay Building have been continuously strengthening the hardware and software construction for waste sorting. The enterprises have remolded the identification marks of waste disposal sites, built a new stainless steel garbage wing, and installed dustbins with different colors inside the building, and used garbage bags corresponding to the colors of the classification identification marks to remind employees of waste sorting. At the beginning of the work, enterprises publicized the knowledge of waste sorting to their employees through various channels and in all directions, such as broadcasting publicity videos in elevators and carrying out waste sorting education and training for employees. Nowadays, waste sorting has become a new fashion among white-collar workers in Mary Kay Building. Mary Kay Inc. was also named as the "Demonstration Unit of Household Waste Sorting in Jing'an District".
The sub-district has been cooperating with schools to push forward the "Small Hand in Big Hand" project, incorporating waste sorting knowledge into regular school curricula, encouraging students to actively participate in waste sorting, driving more parents to know about and participate in waste sorting, and making the project a link among schools, students, and families.
In terms of the management of street merchants, Jiangning Road Sub-district, on the basis of further deepening the work of road leader system, experimented and explored the self-regulatory management organization "Road Management Committee", and made it clear that the responsible units along the street are the first responsible persons to promote the waste sorting work. Through the delivery of "Notice of Store Liability" and "Convention on Management of Store Liability", the relevant departments will send the latest policy requirements of waste sorting to every store in the first time, and provide free garbage sorting buckets and regular on-site collection service for those stores who consciously carry out waste sorting and meet the standards.
In terms of hardware renovation, all the 53 garbage wings in the jurisdiction have been rebuilt, the hardware configuration of garbage wings in residential areas has been improved, and the temporary stacking sites for decoration garbage and bulk garbage as well as the collection service sites integrating two networks have been set up. The damaged and old waste sorting containers have been replaced in batches, and the new waste sorting identification marks of Shanghai have been posted to enable residents to have a clearer and more accurate understanding of the waste sorting standards.
As for the training in residential areas, the sub-district convened the property management companies, neighborhood committees, cleaners and volunteers to carry out the waste sorting training, guided residents to carry out waste sorting and reduction work at source, introduced the third party inspection mechanism to conduct a comprehensive waste sorting effectiveness evaluation and issued an evaluation report for every residential area in the jurisdiction of the sub-district every month, which may be distributed to the subordinate neighborhood committee for rectification, so as to ensure the effectiveness of waste sorting. The Second Customs Village Community of Jiangning Road Sub-district also introduced a professional social organization and initiatively organized a "Green Jiangning" self-discipline group of 15 people volunteered by residents, including the amount of waste sorting and reduction into the category of community comprehensive treatment as a pilot, and incorporating the obligation clauses of source container settings and classified transport of waste sorting into the property management format contract and the convention on citizens in the village.
Strengthening the supervision of waste sorting and reduction
Accelerating the information system construction of waste sorting
It is understood that in the next stage, Jiangning Road Sub-district will take the opportunity of the issuance of Shanghai Municipal Household Waste Management Regulations to further do a good job in the "source classification" of residential areas and community units, clarify the responsibilities and obligations of government, collection and transportation enterprises, property management companies, communities and residents in waste sorting and reduction, and stipulate specific administrative penalties, economic sanctions and criminal responsibilities. The sub-district will also encourage residents, media, Party representatives, CPPCC members, NPC members and social organizations to supervise the waste sorting and reduction work, and strengthen the law enforcement supervision by NPC and democratic supervision by CPPCC.
The sub-district also revealed that it would use intelligent means such as the collection site and the intelligent transfer station integrating two-networks, and take advantages of "Internet+" and "Big Data" to speed up the information system construction of waste sorting; it would also adopt information means to collect and understand the types, quantities, transporters and destinations of household waste in real time, and show the whole process of waste sorting through "visible" approaches.